The very gifted and open-minded Islamic Scholar Serdar Aslan - also see the list of his academic publications - has created a very comprehensive bibliography (work in progress) of the whole range of sciences related to Arabic and Islamic Studies.
Content (main topics only - sub-divisions via the links):
Hat tip to Serdar Aslan for his huge effort to give us a compass through literature related to Islam. My hope is, that he will expand this on Internet resources. I also would like to recommend his personal channel on Facebook, where he regularly posts enlightening quotes from the relevant literature and links to other relevant media.